The Annual Constitutional Address Of The President Of The Republic Of Somaliland, His Excellency Muse Bihi Abdi.
May 9, 2022 - Written by qoriadmin

Hargeisa – (QN24) – The Annual Constitutional Address of  the President of the Republic of Somaliland,  His Excellency, Muse Bihi Abdi.

Monday, 09 May 2022


  • The Speaker of the House of the People of the Republic of Somaliland,
  • Honorable Members of Parliament,
  • The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court,
  • Members of the Council of Ministers,
  • Commanders of the Armed Forces-like,
  • The people of the Republic of Somaliland, wherever they are,

Peace be upon you all.


Ladies and gentlemen,

It is an honor and privilege for me to address the House of Representatives of the Republic of Somaliland, which is also a new House of Representatives, with the recent one-man, one-vote elections, to deliver the 2022 Constitutional Address.


Last year 2021 was a year in which the world struggled with the effects of Covid-19 pandemic. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during pregnancy and childbirth.


It was a year of conflict in which military ammunition, ammunition and gunpowder were sharpened, and world peace was engulfed in controversy.


For the Republic of Somaliland, however, it was a year of peace and an election year. The holding of the by-elections to the House of Representatives and the local councils and the manner in which they were conducted have shown the political maturity of the people of Somaliland.


The New Year 2022 is no exception. The world is moving towards war, and the world is overshadowed by dangerous and dangerous zones. Food security, oil and gas are already in crisis around the world , and there is a strong suspicion that the movement of people and goods around the world will be disrupted.


If human intellect does not work, it is feared that the science of war will supply many lives in the world today.


It is feared that the sea will capsize and world goods and trade will be disrupted. And in the event of a catastrophic flood, we are the most vulnerable and the most vulnerable, because everything we eat and everything we use in our lives comes from outside. We know we grow a little, we have no factories, and a big task lies ahead.


I recommend that the country’s rich invest in the country’s food production, so as to reduce our dependence on essential commodities. It is also important that pastoralists increase their access to animal husbandry and that scholars present their views.


As a government we are taking several steps, such as:

  • Product promotion;
  • Linking Scholars and Wealthy;
  • Encouraging the country’s universities to innovate and study solutions to the problems we face.
  • Making Food Storage to the best of our ability.
  1. Finances:

Ladies and gentlemen;

  • Over the past two years, the world has been experiencing economic and productive declines, as a result of COVID-19 infection. Despite the global financial crisis, Somaliland has, in part, survived the government’s policy of modernizing and improving its revenue collection systems and infrastructure, and raising its inland revenue. and reducing dependence on Customs Revenue, public confidence in taxation, economic growth, streamlining tax administration and transparency in the use of the national budget.


  • The government has implemented International Anti-Corruption and Accountability Frameworks, which guide the Public Institutions Accounting System and Financial Management.


  • Last year, 98 projects were funded by the National Budget. The projects , valued at 7 billion SL shillings ($ 23.3 million ), are 3.11% more than last year’s projects and are all subject to national contracts and open competition.


  • The 2022 Budget is projected to fund 122 projects , valued at Shs 293 billion, which is 79% more than last year.


  • Our foreign aid projects have been implemented in the country over the past year worth 6 billion Shs. Shillings ($ 23.5 million). Thanks, we would like to express our sincere condolences to the people of Somaliland and to the people of Somaliland for the loss of their lives.


  • Civil Servants increased by 13% last year, bringing the total number of Civil Servants to 7,907 in the last four years, or 39% of the total Civil Servants, most of whom worked under the Successful Program. of National Service.


  • The value of the Somaliland Shilling was maintained at 8,400 per dollar , and inflation declined by 5% last year. It is the lowest level it has ever reached in recent times.


  • The government has implemented a number of measures to ensure the exchange rate stability during the tenure of this Government, which has strengthened and strengthened the economy, trade and investment of our country.


  • The Central Bank of the Republic of Somaliland has also taken steps that affect people’s lives, and by 2021 will have invested more than $ 13 million in infrastructure projects by a number of Institutions. The central government and some local governments.


1.1. Infrastructure:

  • The Mayd Fisheries Port Construction is nearing completion and will cost $ 5 Million .


  • The first phase of the construction of the 400 meter Berbera Port is 100% complete .


  • The second phase of the new 600-meter Berbera Port has also been laid .


  • Upon completion and modernization of Berbera Port, Berbera Port will be one of the longest ports in Africa, with a length of 1,650 Meters , depth and depth of the Port will be 17 Meters below , making the Port below. Africa’s second-largest carrier, capable of carrying the world’s largest fleet, with 2 million containers per year, up from 500,000 containers per year.


  • The main port of Berbera is currently connected by three cranes, when the new 600 Meters are completed, 7 major cranes will be connected to the port , and the number of large cranes will be increased to 10 cranes.


  • It has been transformed into Berbera International Airport , an international airport, capable of serving all goods and peoples of the landlocked countries of Africa, and is today one of the most interesting destinations in the world. The government is benefiting the people from the strategic location that God created us, which is of interest to the whole world.


  • It is nearing the end of the Burao-Erigabo Road, with only 10 km left. We have completed 262 KMs which cost us $ 54,484,000 , all of which was paid out of our National Budget. 


  • The construction of the Burao-Erigabo Corridor will significantly change the socioeconomic aspect , social and business mobility of our people, for example: Burao to Erigavo used to take 9 to 10 hours of continuous walking, but now it is reached 5 hours . The cost of transportation per person was around $ 60- $ 80 per person, but now it is only $ 20 .


  • Construction of Phase One of the Berbera Corridor on the Hargeisa-Berbera Corridor has been completed, and includes four bridges that used to transport people and goods between Berbera and the rest of the country during the rainy season.


  • Construction of the Free Zone has recently begun, and plans are afoot to build 54 Hectares of land , which will be divided into two phases. In Phase One, 34 Hectares of land will be constructed , including the Free Trade Zone Road and the rest of the country, the construction of Administration Offices, the construction of a large hangar for companies and a container inspection corridor. It is expected to house many local and international companies and employ more than 1,000 people.


  • Construction of the Odweyne-Burao and Las Anod-Kalabaydh Roads has begun and will be completed in a short time, Insha Allah.


  • The Feasibility Study on the Lawyado-Borama road , which was assisted by the African Development Bank, has now been completed and will be launched as soon as possible.


  • Reconstruction of the 82-kilometer Burao-Laalays road will soon begin , along with the rehabilitation of four bridges between Burao and Laalays.


  • Feasibility Study has begun on the road between Mayd District and Erigavo Town.
  1. Social Services:
  • In terms of education, 57 new schools were built last year , and 24 previous schools were renovated .


  • 470 students have been sent on scholarships abroad .


  • We require 10% of public university students and 12% of private university students to receive scholarships, in order to increase access to higher education.


  • A total of 654,330 children and 108,600 mothers have been vaccinated against various diseases


  • Government health facilities provided health services to 1,530,000 people , up 2% from last year.


  • Seven COVID-19 Infection Awareness Campaigns were conducted, and 557,723 people were vaccinated, representing 30% of the population over the age of 18 years .


  • In 2021, 18 clinics were built , including 5 new hospitals, and 23 clinics were renovated.


  • 3 million animals were treated , 75 million animals were fed, and 75,000 pastoralists benefited .


  • The National Food and Drug Laboratory was built at a cost of 13,440,000,000 Shs.


  • 41 new boreholes and 6 new shallow wells have been drilled and 60 boreholes have been rehabilitated .


  • 20 major boreholes have been drilled in different regions of the country.


  • The Center for Constitutional and Patriotic Studies was established, and has so far educated 34,500 citizens .


  • 50,000 copies of the Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland have been distributed , to enhance the legal education of the citizens.


  • 90 teams competed in the national leagues , played 485 matches , played 3,043 matches and was watched by more than 1,800,000 people .
  1. Security

In today’s world, security is a global problem. We see that the Cold War has returned with a different color. The region and the continent of Africa, where we live, have also experienced conflicts and violence that have claimed many lives.

The war between Russia and Ukraine is not just a war between the two countries, but a war of principle and security between the Nato alliance and Russia or in other words economic and political views between the East and the West.

It is a war that can last a long time. It is a war that has affected the lives of people around the world especially in the areas of food, energy, oil and trade.

But thank God that the competing powers have seen today the geographical and strategic importance of the Republic of Somaliland to the world, which has resulted in the world’s largest economies seeking to engage with Somaliland today, albeit largely ignored. .

At the heart of my government is that anyone who wants to engage with Somaliland should come forward as an independent nation. The nation of Somaliland stands ready to cooperate with all parties based on Respect, Justice and Equality.

Fortunately, in the face of international and regional conflicts, our country enjoys full security at the base of the people of the Republic of Somaliland wherever they are and with our armed forces.

The government, while promoting the Armed Forces ‘bravery and self-sacrifice, has increased the Armed Forces’ payroll by 30%. The Government has also increased the overall budget for the Armed Forces and the Armed Forces.

We know it is a small increase compared to the huge obligations they have to the Nation, but it is for us, not for the faint of heart. Whatever is possible for the Armed Forces-how to have a better life than they have today, we will do, whatever it takes us Insha Allah.

I say to all members of the Armed Forces, such as their wives and children, In every circumstance you live in today, you are implanted in the hearts of the people of Somaliland. ”


  • Social Security

The security and stability of a society is based on the fact that the community is cohesive, cooperative, trusting and cohesive. This can be achieved by keeping the economic classes of our people apart, so that economic differences do not create social divisions, conflict and insecurity.

According to Article 11 , the National Constitution requires that the country’s economic system does not lead to prosperity and prosperity not limited to a small group or people, so as not to result in economic divisions that divide the rich and the poor. have nothing.

  • Therefore, in accordance with the above principles and the Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland, we have mandated that projects implemented in the national budget or budget of more than 42,000,000 Shs . have equal opportunities to compete fairly. I hereby declare that any Government agency that does not comply with this decision will be subject to appropriate action.


  • The Government, for the first time in the history of Somaliland, in 2021 budgeted for all the districts of the country consisting of 101 (One Hundred and One) districts , and the amount disbursed reached 106,946,632,435 SLSH (One Hundred and Six Billion, Nine Hundred). Six Hundred Million, Six Hundred Thirty Two Thousand, Four Hundred and Thirty Five SL.SH).


  • The JPLG Local Government Development Project has been extended to Erigavo, Las Anod and Aynaba Districts . Plans are afoot to add more districts.


  • The government, taking into account the circumstances of our people and the rising cost of living in the world, has made a 10% tax cut on the country’s food supply.


  • Food for one month and limited financial assistance to more than 750,000 households in all regions of the country.


  • 20,000 women in 16 cities and regions across the country have also received $ 640,000 in financial support .


  • Our country is facing a severe drought that has affected nearly 5 million Somalilanders. The worst effects of the drought were water shortages. As a result, the Government, in collaboration with our country’s major traders, has delivered 24,600 trucks (trucks) to the worst affected regions by the drought. 72% of the tankers were provided by the Government and the people of Somaliland in collaboration, while 28% was provided by aid agencies
  • With the aim of protecting against recurrent droughts and their effects, the government will drill 30 new dams in the worst affected regions by 2022 , and rehabilitate 20 dams . hore.


  • I would like to express my gratitude and appreciation to the judiciary for its great contribution to the nation.


  1. The Waheen Market Fire Problem


Brothers And Sisters;

Join us again to share the grief and suffering of our people and traders whose livestock and property were burnt down in the Waheen Central Market. It was one of the largest and most active markets in the Horn of Africa.

It has been a major market for our economy and trade, and has watered many countries in the region.

It shows the scale of the market in the region and in the world, how the world reacted to the devastation caused by the fire that destroyed our market, albeit with minimal benefit to our world.

The people of Somaliland have expressed their condolences to the Waaheen Market for the tragedy , which has touched the hearts of millions of people around the world .

No matter how much we suffer from this fire and the destruction of our livestock, I am saddened that today the people of Somaliland, inside and outside, young and old, men and women, young and old, have embraced this tragedy with the same heart, great brotherhood. big and soul-splitting, nothing-to-do.

Nearly 3,673 different businesses were burnt down in Waheen Market , and all the assets and resources under these businesses were lost.

Today, the fire has engulfed our business owners, their employers, the beneficiaries of the ongoing business and all the unscrupulous people who have continued to run the business.

It is with great honor, dignity and ability that God has bestowed upon our people that today our people around the burnt Waheen Market are reclaimed, and new goods and goods are being crowded, Dayn and Kaalo whatever they bring.

Our people are the ones who know hard work and hard work, who do not raise their hands, and who do not hang on to their worst days, who raise their necks. He is proud and confident that we have a lot of people.

Today and the Waheen Market Fire is not the only example, how our people are Resilient and depend on each other in times of crisis. It was yesterday when the major cities of our country were razed to the ground and turned into ashes and jungle shelters. We have recovered, we have rebuilt our country and our destroyed cities, together, with the help of no one but God.

So, What Has Happened To Us So Far?


  • We have appointed a National Committee to lead the Waaheen Fire Damage Recovery. The committee has set up sub-committees from Waheen Market, the business community, religious leaders and the Diaspora, and they are still doing well.


  • Four Provisional Markets have been set up: Freedom Park, Hadh-wanaag, Police Line and Injida. It will be extended to temporary markets up to Seven markets .


  • A total of $ 23,000,000 (Twenty Three Million Dollars) has been raised so far .


  • Funding has so far been received from the Committees of the Republic of Djibouti, Taiwan, Somalia and the World Bank, including the above.


Table 1 : Revenue and Expenditure so far received or received

Revenue $ 23,000,000 Number of Recipients


$ 73 – 5,000 They were given 100% of their property  988 Qof


<$100 Up to $ 500 Per Person
$ 5,001 – 40,000 He was given 25% of his lost Property.  1,016 people
$ 40,001 -100,000 He was given 15% of his lost property
$ 100,001 – 480,000 He was given 10% of his lost Property
 Total People Reimbursed So far:  2,004 Entrepreneur


 Total amount paid so far  $ 8,638,418



  • The independence and well-being of our people is one of those business people who came to the Board and said, ” My burnt property is only $ 73. He is alive. It is the bar and the highest point of justice for our people.


  • Hargeisa Municipality, in collaboration with the National Waheen Market Rehabilitation Committee, cleaned up the burnt market and removed 1,879 Lawdh rubbish and scraps.


  • The biggest task for us as a Nation is to rebuild the Waheen Market, in line with international norms that ensure the safety of the property and lives of our people. Insha Allah, I hope we can join hands and rebuild the burnt Waheen Market more beautiful, safer and more hopeful. This market will be a market built of hearts and People Together, a symbol of Unity, Brotherhood and National olidarity.   


  • I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all the victims of the Waheen Market fire, and thank them for their patience and strong faith as well as for their responsible work with the Committees in charge. -saaray.


  • I would also like to thank all those who have suffered as a result of our nation’s support, assistance and assistance. I am especially grateful to our neighbors, the Somali Regional State and their people for providing us with the first aid overnight and to the Federal Government of Ethiopia.


  • I would also like to thank the Government and the people of the Republic of Djibouti, who have not danced with us for a single day. Djibouti has also provided more than $ 5 million to the Waaheen Market Emergency and Recovery Committee, and continues to raise funds for our people. I also thank the Government of Somalia and its people and the rest of the Somali people in general for their resilience in the face of adversity. I would also like to thank the World Bank for making the first donation.


  • I say we know you have a great reward at the right time.

What have we learned from the Waaheen Market crisis?

  • We have learned that we can build, we can do, no matter what happens to us.


  • We have learned to strengthen and support the work of the Fire Brigade which has shown its ability and patriotism.


  • We have learned to open roads and corridors through the markets, so that the rescue can reach its target.


  • We have learned from the fact that the commercial houses under construction are designed for home safety. I direct the local government and the Ministry of Public Works, Lands and Housing to develop guidelines and guidelines for the safety of public buildings.
  1. Elections

Ladies and gentlemen;

Last year, I addressed the House of Representatives with only 83 days to go before the House of Representatives elections, and the rigging of the elections will take place in all regions of Somaliland.

Former members of the House of Representatives are experienced men who have served the nation for 15 years or more. I said, ‘ Pray, go well with the Assembly, and hold elections, and work with us in your cause .’ They accepted and kept that promise. Today, thank God, we have had a series of elections that have won the admiration of the whole world. Somaliland society has also once again had the opportunity to elect members of parliament for the next five years, mostly young men, although I regret that none of the women candidates in the House of Representatives have won.

Therefore, Ladies and Gentlemen, the new House of Representatives came as a result of the full cooperation and collaboration between the National Institutions, in order to realize the National aspirations of holding the by-elections of the House of Representatives and the Local Councils. It shows the good results that can come from good cooperation and loyalty between the National Assemblies. It is a symbol of the beauty of our Nation and the belief in the aspirations of our people.

It was an election that cost us a whopping 132.6 Billion SL. Shillings. Most of this cost to our nation, because as a government we believe that elections are a national obligation that our nation must manage.

I thank the people of Somaliland for voting peacefully, for the vacant seats in the House of Representatives, and for all those who supported us in holding the elections.

Also, I welcome the newly elected House of Representatives and Local Councils. And I urge you that our commitment is to work and to serve the people and the country together.


Ladies and gentlemen;

Somaliland is proud of its democracy and free and fair elections, and that requires the completion of its basic pillars, first and foremost:

  1. That the elections take place on time.


  1. That the National Parties, which are the means by which citizens achieve their political aspirations, should be law-abiding, non-partisan, and within them a true democracy based on clear principles and policies that define the country’s development agenda. can.


  1. That the party’s finances come from the party’s supporters in every region, and avoid foreign interference. If foreign interference in the party, it is a threat to the sovereignty of our country.

Therefore, it is necessary to complete the remaining elections such as the opening of political parties on time and the election of the President, in accordance with the laws and the Constitution of the country.

As a government, we are committed to fulfilling our mandate in this year’s elections on time, and any challenges we face will be resolved in a legal manner and in consultation with the National Institutions.

Politics is like a game of chess. Therefore, I advise political parties and associations to cleanly dust the fingers together.

Elections do not require balloons or balloons. Your insults do not lead to political victory. Threats are not courageous.

Politics does not require false promises and uncertain political reflections, and does not mean political victory.

We are promised that those who lose the table will be able to dust off their fingers well.

  1. Foreign Policy

Somaliland’s foreign policy is in principle based on good neighborliness, security and international cooperation, without conflict ( Zero Conflict Policy) .

At the same time, Somaliland’s foreign policy is based on a clear plan to focus more on African countries, in order to gain recognition for Somaliland. Introduce full socio-economic cooperation and collaboration with the rest of the world, while respecting the sovereignty and existence of Somaliland.

The past year has been a tumultuous year for Somaliland’s foreign policy, followed by a concerted effort by the government to present Somaliland’s statehood to many governments around the world, resulting in tangible results.


  • United States


A large delegation led by me left for the United States on a 12-day business trip. The trip had two main objectives:

  1. To truly understand the United States’ painful history of Somaliland in the failed coup d’état in the search for the five great Somalis and the brutal information that Siyad Barre’s dictator demanded for planes, tanks, artillery and heavy weapons in all Somaliland cities.


  1. Explain in detail the genocide perpetrated against this nation and the reasons behind the armed struggle in Somaliland and that the people of Somaliland have unanimously decided to reclaim their independence.


  1. Explain that Somaliland is a democracy that has been overlooked by the international community for 30 years, but Somaliland has dedicated its small resources to the security of its country, to the stability of the Horn of Africa region and the world.


  1. To discuss how to achieve full cooperation between the two countries. It is an initial partnership that we hope will bear fruit soon.

In fact, the Government, the Councils, the business community and the American people have welcomed us very, very much, which shows that the American understanding of Somaliland has changed dramatically. We met with 13 members of both houses of the US House of Representatives.

The highlights of this trip as a Nation are:

  • The United States should re-evaluate US aid to Somaliland and how it reaches our country.


  • Prepared and submitted the Somaliland-US Partnership Act Motion, which requires the US State Department, in collaboration with the Department of Defense, to develop the most appropriate form of cooperation between Somaliland and the United States. may have in the future.


Overall, the trip was a milestone and a great success for our country, Somaliland, and I hope you will soon see the implementation of the decisions made in that trip and further meetings following that trip.


  • United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a country with a long history of protectionism, making it the most knowledgeable country on the issue of Somaliland’s independence and its past.


Therefore, as a Government we are determined to strengthen the engagement and engagement of Somaliland’s Foreign Policy towards the UK.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in collaboration with the Representative and the Somaliland community in the UK, has created a 25-member Somaliland Friendship Council in the UK Parliament, which you are all aware of the efforts made by the UK Parliament and the emphasis placed on the Government. The UK pays close attention to Somaliland and the visit of some MPs to Somaliland.

  • African Union

To most African governments, we have appealed to them to help bring the Somaliland issue to the attention of the African Union.

  • Arab countries

Throughout the Arab world, we, as a government, have made requests for them to take a closer look at the reality of the Republic of Somaliland, and its rights have not been denied.

Relations between Somaliland and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have grown stronger and they have opened diplomatic missions in the country, facilitating the flow of people and trade between the two countries. I expect trade between the two countries to reach millions of dollars a year. It is the only government in the country that has made hundreds of millions of dollars in long-term economic investment. The Government of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a Government that has always been supportive and supportive of whatever situation we have gone through, be it the drought, the SAGAR hurricane and the Waaheen market fire today.

  • Neighboring Countries  

We have strengthened communication and cooperation in the areas of security, trade and human movement in Somaliland and our neighboring countries of Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya. Ministerial-level committees have been set up to work on strengthening security co-operation, border security and promoting cross-border trade between Somaliland and those countries. Djibouti and Ethiopia already have diplomatic missions in our country, but I commend the Government of Kenya for opening a Diplomatic Office in our country recently, in line with the Memorandum of Understanding signed between the two Governments in Nairobi, Kenya.

  1. Gebo-gebo:

Ladies and gentlemen;

Predicting and preparing for the future, both intellectually and financially, is crucial to improving the lives and development of our people.

The hardships we face, such as the burning of the Waheen Central Market, the recurring droughts and the scarcity of resources, do not mean that we have to give up and go through difficult times, but that we have to redouble our efforts and achieve our goals.

The challenges facing our country should be an experience that paves the way for development and unity.

One can fall, but not getting up is stupid. Somalis say, “The state is weak, it is not broken”.

Somaliland Vision 2030 states that our country should be a democratic, law-abiding, peaceful and prosperous country, with a prosperous and inclusive society and a beacon of knowledge and wisdom. civilization in Africa . ”

It is a beautiful vision and a good vision, but it requires action and deep understanding. It is a vision that requires deep-seated solidarity, unity and brotherhood, and I commend our noble people, for it is a testament to the glorious brotherhood and solidarity with which they come to each other’s aid, and become a stick and skin when face difficulties. I say, ” That’s how close it is .”


In the future:


  • Foreign Policy

As a Government, we are committed to working with our partners, the African Union, the League of Arab States, the United Kingdom, the European Union and the United States in every way possible to secure the recognition of Somaliland. During our tenure, the Government has succeeded in elevating the prestige of this Nation, and today we have reached a point where our aspirations for statehood and nationhood are taken into account.

We present to the world that Somaliland is a reality that cannot be overlooked and that it is a country that can be trusted with a reliable partnership based on responsibility and respect.


  • The economy

The government is implementing a clear policy that encourages both public and private sectors to integrate into industrial and offshore industries, to meet our basic needs and reduce our dependence on imports. abroad.

  • Social Welfare


  1. The Government’s Civic Protection Policy to prevent natural and man-made disasters such as: (Wars, earthquakes, fires, enemy attacks, etc.).


  1. The Government has a clear policy to ensure that all government agencies, at the national, regional and district levels, effectively implement the Health and Safety Standards. In addition, the Government will establish a Disaster Management Department in all regions and districts of the country.


  1. The government is implementing the deployment of Civil Defense at the District and Village levels. Civil Defense is training people to be safe in their environment and their people and to be on the lookout for potential enemies or infiltrators.



I wish the people of the Republic of Somaliland Success, Prosperity, Development and lasting peace.

Once again, congratulations to the good people of Somaliland who have shown maturity and maturity.

Long live the Republic of Somaliland,

May the people of Somaliland succeed.

Thank you.

 Thank God

Latest News